Hassan A. HemegTaibah University, Saudi Arabia
Title: Variation of Omicron from COVID-19: A Review
In Wuhan, China, where the virus first appeared, a cluster of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus-2 cases were reported. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a pandemic due to the rapid global spread of the virus that causes this ailment, known as coronavirus disease 19 (or simply COVID-19). There have been reports of illness among persons of all ages in every region of the globe where COVID-19 has spread. Due to the lack of a reliable antibody test, nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs are currently analysed using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The severity of the symptoms depends on where you fall on a clinical spectrum describing the severity of the ailment. The great majority of patients either have no symptoms but are still contagious to others in close proximity to them, or they have a mild influenza-like sickness that cannot be separated from a normal upper respiratory tract infection. Moderate and severe cases need hospitalisation and psychological care, including non-invasive and invasive ventilation, antivirals, antibiotics, antipyretics, and steroid medicines. Some patients may need plasma exchange treatment or immunomodulatory drugs to recover from their illness. Pharmaceutical firms are beginning human trials in several places across the globe in an effort to find an efficient and safe COVID-19 vaccine. This in-depth analysis, based on recently-published research findings, examines the genetic characteristics, likely zoonotic origin, and receptor binding of SARS-CoV-2.In addition, we attempt to describe the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant against COVID-19, including its clinical and epidemiological features, as well as its diagnosis and therapy.