Muneer Saif Abdulkhaleq Mohammed AlshameeryAl-Azhar University, Egypt
Title: Correlation between impaired Aortic Distensibility and the severity of coronary artery disease and calcium scoring measured by cardiac CT
Background : Multi-Slice cardiac CT has evolved as a noninvasive imaging technique for evaluation of stenosis in the coronary arteries by what is called Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography (CCTA), but it is also widely used in quantitative plaque assessments through Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) scoring and plaque type identification ( soft or Mixed VS calcific) . Evaluation of aortic distensibility and aortic stiffness can also be performed through Multi-Slice Computed Tomography (MSCT) by calculating Aortic Distensibility Index (ADI) and Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV).
Aim: To evaluate whether impaired Aortic Distensibility Index (ADI) and Aortic Stiffness measured by Cardiac CT is correlating with the severity of coronary artery disease and coronary calcium scoring in at-risk individuals (assessed by CCTA).
Patients and Methods: We included 180 patients. Patients were classified into four groups according to their CAC score and according to the degree of stenosis based on CCTA. All patients in this study have underwent full history taking, short clinical examination including B.P. and H.R. measurements, standard ECG, routine laboratory investigations, and Multi-Slice CT Coronary Angiography (MSCT-CA). All patients underwent coronary artery calcium (CAC) scanning and CCTA, and their ADI and Aortic Stiffness were measured. Maximum systolic and maximum diastolic cross sectional-area (CSA) of ascending-aorta (AAo) was measured 15-mm above the left main coronary ostium. ADI was defined as: [(Systolic CSA –Diastolic CSA)/(Diastolic CSA in X systemic-pulse-pressure) X 103 ]. Aortic stiffness were measured as PWV using BramwellHill equation1 [(3.57/ ?distensibility)]
Results: There were strong correlation between Aortic distensibility and Aortic stiffness (PWV) with degree of stenosis and coronary artery calcium. In patients stratified based on the degree of calcium scoring (CAC score), there was a statistically significant negative correlation between calcium scoring and the ADI (Pearson's r= -0.771, p
Conclusion: Impaired aortic distensibility strongly correlates with the severity of coronary atherosclerosis, degree of stenosis and coronary artery calcium. Addition of ADI to CAC and traditional risk factors provides incremental value to predict at-risk individuals.