Virtual Conference

Syed Raza

Leighton Hospital, United kIngdom

Title: Improving Awareness and Adherence to Medications amongst Heart Failure Patients is the Most Cost Effective Way of Reducing Healthcare Costs


Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a common medical condition and an important public health issue.  This carries with it high mortality and frequent hospitalization. There is generally high re-admission rate and patients of heart failure tend to have a duration of stay in the hospital. Heart failure management is costly and puts a burden on healthcare budget. Lack of awareness of different aspects of management of heart failure leads to poor adherence  to  treatment which  further  adds  to  the  healthcare  cost.
Despite a number of evidence based medications being available, the utilization  are not always  satisfactory. 
Objective: We  conducted  a  study  to explore  patients’  understanding  and  adherence  to  Heart Failure (HF) medications  at  a  general  hospital  setting.
Materials and Methods:We prospectively studied from January 2016 till  December  2017,  196  patients  (outpatients  plus  inpatients )  of  HF  at  our hospital  .  The  information  was  gathered  by  oral interview  as  well  as  using questionnaire .
Results: There   were 110 male and 86 female patients with average age of 54 years.  The majority of patients (78% ) were  in NYHA  class  II  and  III  and  72% of patients  were from Outpatient  visits.
15%  of patients  stopped  or reduced  the dose  of diuretics  on their  own  as  they  thought  they didn’t  need  them anymore  or they were  thought to interfere  in their life style.  36 % patients  believed  that  ACE Inhibitors  or ARBs were  for blood  pressure  and therefore  they had either  stopped  or were intending to stop.  43 %  patients  were  not keen on   taking  beta-blocker  because  of fear of various  side effects  and  12% of  them  already  stopped  the  beta-blocker on their own. 56% of patients  did  not like  the idea of increasing the  dose of ACE  Inhibitor  , ARBs  or beta-blocker  to the maximum, mainly out of fear  of side effects. In addition, 54% of the patients  reported  that they were not informed  by  the prescribing  physician regarding  the  purpose and benefits  of up titrating  the  dose of these  medication.    Patients  were  ignorant  of the  role  of different  HF  medications  such as Aldosterone  antagonists  (86% ), ACE Inhibitor  or ARBs (76% ) , Beta blocker ( 70%).  None  of the patients  who were on Ivabradine  knew  the  role of the  drug  in HF but  at the  same time were  not informed of any known  side effects.
Conclusion: Inadequate understanding and poor adherence to medications is a common problem among heart failure (HF) patients. as shown in our study. Inadequate adherence leads to increased HF de-compensation, reduced exercise tolerance, poor quality of life and higher risk for hospital admission and death. They all lead to increase in   heart failure  treatment and management  costs.